The truth is, no system so thoroughly as that of the Lutheran Church places the salvation of infants on the very highest ground. The PELAGIAN system would save them on the ground of personal innocence, but that ground we have seen to be fallacious. The CALVINISTIC system places their salvation on the ground of divine election, and speaks of elect infants, and hence, in its older and more severely logical shape at least, supposed not only that some unbaptized, but also that some baptized infants are lost.
Charles Porterfield Krauth
The Conservative Reformation and Its Theology